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Para table tennis explained

Para table tennis explained

Para table tennis is a disabled sport which follows the rules set by the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF). The usual table tennis rules are in effect with slight modifications for wheelchair athletes. Athletes from disability groups can take part. Athletes receive classifications between 1-11. Class 1-5 are for those in wheelchairs and class 6-10 for those who have disabilities that allow them to play standing. Within those groups, the higher classification means the more function the athlete has. Class 11 is defined for players with an intellectual disability.

Classification

The roles of classification are to determine eligibility to compete for athletes with disability and to group athletes equitably for competition purposes. [1] [2] Athletes are grouped by reference to functional ability, resulting from their impairment.

Sitting classes

No sitting balance with severe reduction of function in the playing arm.

  • Class 2:

    No sitting balance with reduction of function in the playing arm.

  • Class 3:

    No sitting balance, although the upper part of the trunk may show activity.

    Normal arms, although some slight motor losses can be found in the playing hand without significant effect on table tennis skills.

    The non-playing arm keeps the trunk in position.

  • Class 4:

    Existing sitting balance although not optimal because of non-existing anchorage (stabilisation) of the pelvis.

  • Class 5:

    Normal function of trunk muscles.

  • Standing classes

    Severe impairments of legs and arms.

  • Class 7:

    Very severe impairments of legs (poor static and dynamic balance), or

    severe to moderate impairments of playing arm, or

    combination of arms and legs impairments less severe than in class 6.

  • Class 8:

    Moderate impairments of the legs, or

    moderate impairments of playing arm (considering that elbow and shoulder control is very important), or

    Mild impairments of the leg(s), or

    mild impairments of playing arm, or

    severe impairments of non-playing arm, or

    Very mild impairments in legs, or

    very mild impairment of playing arm, or

    severe to moderate impairment of non-playing arm, or

    moderate impairment of the trunk.

  • Class 11:

    Laws of table tennis in wheelchair

    There are no exceptions to the laws of table tennis for standing players with a disability. All players play according to the laws and regulations of the ITTF. The umpire may relax the requirements for a correct service if the compliance is prevented by physical disability. [3]

    If the receiver is in wheelchair, the service shall be a let under the following circumstances: [4]

    1. After touching the receiver's court, the ball returns in the direction of the net.
    2. The ball comes to rest on the receiver's court.
    3. In singles, the ball leaves the receiver's court after touching it by either of its sidelines.

    If the receiver strikes the ball before it crosses a sideline or takes a second bounce on his or her side of the playing surface, the service is considered good and no let is called. [5]

    When two players who are in wheelchairs are a pair playing doubles, the server shall first make a service, the receiver shall then make a return but thereafter either player of the disabled pair may make returns. [6] However, no part of a player's wheelchair shall protrude beyond the imaginary extension of the centre line of the table. If it does, the umpire shall award the point to the opposing pair.

    Limb positions

    If both players or pairs are in a wheelchair, the player or the pair score a point if: [7]

    1. the opponent does not maintain a minimum contact with the seat or cushion(s), with the back of the thigh, when the ball is struck.
    2. the opponent touches the table with either hand before striking the ball.
    3. the opponent's footrest or foot touches the floor during play.

    Wheelchairs

    Wheelchairs must have at least two large wheels and one small wheel. [5] If the wheels on the player's wheelchair become dislodged and the wheelchair has no more than two wheels, then the rally must be stopped immediately and a point awarded to his or her opponent.

    The height of one or maximum two cushions is limited to 15 cm in playing conditions with no other addition to the wheelchair. In team and class events, no part of the body above the knees may be attached to the chair as this could improve balance.

    Equipment and playing conditions

    A player may not normally wear any part of a tracksuit during play. [5] A player with a physical disability, either in a wheelchair or standing, may wear the trousers portion of a tracksuit during play, but jeans are not permitted.

    Table legs shall be at least 40 cm from the end line of the table for wheelchair players. [8] In international competitions, the playing space is not less than 14m long, 7m wide and the flooring shall not be concrete. The space for wheelchair events may be reduced to 8m long and 6m wide. The flooring may be of concrete for wheelchair events, which is prohibited on other occasions.

    Competitions

    5 levels of international competitions are sanctioned. [9] [10] Factor of the tournament is counted in the tournament credit system used for qualification purpose of some tournaments. Players participate in regional championships (Fa50) earn 50 credit points. The tournament credit for the 2012 Summer Paralympics is 80 credit points must be met during a period starting on 4 November 2010 until 31 December 2011. [11] It's also required a minimum tournament credit for the qualification of World Para Table Tennis Championships. [12]

    (Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, Oceania)

    Notable players
    • Ibrahim Hamato, an Egyptian Class 6 Champion, is one of the most well-known Paralympic table tennis players, since his YouTube video went viral. [13] Hamato has won many awards, including silver medals in African Para table tennis Championships held in 2013 and 2011. He holds his racket with his mouth.
    • Natalia Partyka, a three-time Olympian, participates in Class 10 events at the para table tennis tournaments, representing Poland. Born without a right hand and forearm, she participates in competitions for able-bodied athletes as well as in competitions for athletes with disabilities. Partyka reached the last 32 of the London 2012 Olympic women's table tennis.
    External links Notes and References
    1. Web site: The ITTF Classification Code. PDF. ITTF. 1 September 2012.
    2. Web site: The ITTF Handbook for Tournament Referees 6th edition. PDF. ITTF. June 2011. 1 September 2012.
    3. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    4. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    5. Web site: The ITTF Handbook for Match Officials 14th edition. PDF. ITTF. June 2011.
    6. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    7. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    8. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    9. Web site: Competition information for tournaments organizers - summary for all tournaments. PDF. ITTF. 31 October 2011. 1 September 2012.
    10. Web site: Directives for hosting ITTF para table tennis events. PDF. ITTF. 16 February 2012. 1 September 2012.
    11. Web site: 2012 Paralympic Games Selection General Information. PDF. ITTF. 11 August 2011. 4 September 2012.
    12. http://www.ittf.com/ittf_handbook/ittf_hb.html ITTF Handbook 2012/2013
    13. http://tabletennis.about.com/od/disabledplayers/fl/Ibrahim-Hamato-The-Armless-Table-Tennis-Player.htm

    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Para table tennis".

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    VI RACCONTO LA VERA STORIA DEL DOTTOR LASER, the new book about Pierfrancesco Parra

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    Arantxa Parra Santonja - Tennis News, Bio, Quotes, Pictures

    Arantxa Parra Santonja - News and More Latest News, articles and information:

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    • Muguruza Carla Suarez Navarro Rafael Nadal David Ferrer Roberto Bautista Agut Albert Ramos Vinolas Anabel Medina Garrigues Arantxa Parra Santonja Marc Lopez .
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    • faces the severely-breast-reduced Simona Halep; wildcards went to Schiavone, Pennetta, and Spaniards Garbine Muguruza Blanco and Arantxa Parra Santonja; former champs in the field are Vinci (2011,'09), and Schiavone (2010); Vinci has reached the final the last three years. .
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    • Venus Wears Cotton Bag, Wins; Minor Upsets Day 1 at Wimbledon
    • to look for on Tuesday at the All England Club include (7) Serena Williams vs. Aravane Rezai, (1) Caroline Wozniacki vs. Arantxa Parra Santonja, (3) Na Li vs. Russian Alla Kudryavtseva, (15) Jelena Jankovic vs. crafty Spaniard Maria Jose Martinez Sanchez, (18) Ana Ivanovic vs. Melan.
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    • Kuznetsova, (19) Shahar Peer vs. Maria Jose Martinez Sanchez, former Top 5er Jelena Dokic vs. Vera Dushevina, and Spaniard Arantxa Parra Santonja vs. the top-ranked American in the draw Bethanie Mattek-Sands. TENNIS-X NEWS, NOTES, QUOTES AND BARBSWTA VS. EXHIBITIONS -- The beginni.
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    • MADRID SCHEDULE MANOLO SANTANA start 11:45 am [1] C Wozniacki (DEN) vs J Goerges (GER) - WTA [4] V Azarenka (BLR) vs [WC] A Parra Santonja (ESP) - WTA Not Before 4:00 PM [3] R Federer (SUI) vs X Malisse (BEL) - ATP Not Before 7:00 PM [1] R Nadal (ESP) vs J Del Potro (AR.
    • 2011-05-04
    • Claycourt Title for Kirilenko at WTA Barcelona
    • she made her first final here."The doubles final followed Saturday's semifinals, and it was No.3 seeds Lourdes Dominguez Lino and Arantxa Parra Santonja who beat top seeds Llagostera Vives and Martinez Sanchez in a match tie-break, 46 75 104. It was Dominguez Lino's third career Tour doubles.
    • 2008-06-15

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  • WTA Bogota Tennis Tour Photos and Images, Getty Images

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour 10 pictures

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    Ukrainian tennis player Kristina Antoniychuk in action during her match against Mariana Duque of Colombia as part of WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 18, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque won 7-6 and 7-6.

    February 18, 2010 License

    February 18, 2010 License

    Ukrainian tennis player Kristina Antoniychuk in action during her match against. Ukrainian tennis player Kristina Antoniychuk in action during her match against Mariana Duque of Colombia as part of WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 18, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque won 7-6 and 7-6. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    Spanish tennis player Arantxa Parra returns a ball during her match against Patricia Mayr of Austria as part of the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 17, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Parra won 5-7, 7-6 (5) and 6-4.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    Spanish tennis player Arantxa Parra returns a ball during her match against. Spanish tennis player Arantxa Parra returns a ball during her match against Patricia Mayr of Austria as part of the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 17, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Parra won 5-7, 7-6 (5) and 6-4. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque returns a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque returns a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany. Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque returns a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber holds her trophy as vicechampion after been defeated by Mariana Duque of Colombia in the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beats Kerber 6-4 and. More

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber holds her trophy as vicechampion after been. German tennis player Angelique Kerber holds her trophy as vicechampion after been defeated by Mariana Duque of Colombia in the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beats Kerber 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque celebrates after winning the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque defeats Anquelique Kerber from Germany 6-4 and 6-3 in the final match.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque celebrates after winning the WTA Bogota. Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque celebrates after winning the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque defeats Anquelique Kerber from Germany 6-4 and 6-3 in the final match. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber gestures during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match against Mariana Duque of Colombia on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber gestures during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour. German tennis player Angelique Kerber gestures during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match against Mariana Duque of Colombia on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque serves a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque serves a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany. Colombian tennis player Mariana Duque serves a ball to Angelique Kerber of Germany during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber reacts during the match against Mariana Duque of Colombia as part of WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber reacts during the match against Mariana Duque. German tennis player Angelique Kerber reacts during the match against Mariana Duque of Colombia as part of WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia. German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010, in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    WTA Bogota Tennis Tour

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010 in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3.

    February 16, 2010 License

    February 16, 2010 License

    German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia. German tennis player Angelique Kerber returns a ball to Mariana Duque of Colombia during the WTA Bogota Tennis Tour final match on February 21, 2010 in Bogota, Colombia. Duque beat 6-4 and 6-3. Less More

    Arantxa Parra Santonja, WTA Tennis

    parra tennis

    Inner tabs

    2017 // Grand Slam // USA, NY // $13,250 // HARD // Draw: 128M/128Q/64D // Rank: 163 // Seed/Entry: /

    2017 // WTA // Premier // USA, CT // $1,670 // HARD // Draw: 32M/64Q/16D // Rank: 164 // Seed/Entry: /

    2017 // Grand Slam // GREAT BRITAIN // $10,237 // GRASS // Draw: 128M/128Q/64D // Rank: 145 // Seed/Entry: /

    2017 // WTA // International // SPAIN // $480 // GRASS // Draw: 32M/32Q/16D // Rank: 210 // Seed/Entry: /

    2017 // Grand Slam // FRANCE // $5,758 // CLAY // Draw: 128M/128Q/64D // Rank: 136 // Seed/Entry: /

    2017 // WTA // Premier 5 // ITALY // $5,205 // CLAY // Draw: 64M/32Q/32D // Rank: 122 // Seed/Entry: / P

    2017 // WTA // Premier Mandatory // SPAIN // $43,170 // CLAY // Draw: 64M/32Q/32D // Rank: 613 // Seed/Entry: / W

    Coached by Alejo Mancisidor, Mikel González, Victor López and Andreu Guilera . Father, Nariano Parra Ruiz, and mother, María Luisa Santonja Gaso, are teachers; sister is Tania . Introduced to tennis at age 10 by parents . Favorites include the movie Grease, actor Anthony Hopkins, and Gazpacho Andaluz . Favorite city to visit is New York City . Self-described as shy, hard worker . Admires Monica Seles . Enjoys travelling to new places, meeting new people and experiencing different cultures.

    2014 - Fell in WTA qualifying 14 times; won one WTA doubles title.

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